One of the most important technical innovations implemented by the naval antagonists during the American Revolution was the sheathing of ship's hulls with copper. The British developed this technique, and held the initiative. Britain's ships had an important technical lead with copper-plated bottoms. British war vessels often had the advantage of speed over those of the French and Americans and could either escape from or overtake enemy ships almost at will. Keel-hauling was a brutal punishment inflicted on seamen guilty of mutiny or some other high crime in the days of sail. It practically amounted to a death sentence, for the chances of recovery after the ordeal were slight.
Amati Fittings: Copper Hull Plates
How To Copper Plate a Model Ship | Model ship building, Model ships, Wooden ship models
Two World War II vessels that sunk within moments of each other 72 years ago have been rediscovered on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean, resting only a few hundred yards apart. The Allied merchant freighter Bluefields and the German U-boat U went down on July 15, , part of the larger Battle of the Atlantic that raged throughout the war. The Battle of the Atlantic began with the blockade of German ships in the Atlantic by Allied forces, and raged back and forth as the German and Italian navies sought to prevent the Allies from moving their own supply and troop ships. German submarines known as U-boats were serious threats to Allied ships in this conflict. In the first eight months of alone, more than 50 merchant ships were lost to U-boats patrolling off the North Carolina coast, NOAA estimates. On July 14, , a convoy of merchant ships guarded by U. Their course set them, unknowingly, on an intercept path with the German U-boat U off the coast of North Carolina.
Copper and Brass in Ships
Copper sheathing is the practice of protecting the under-water hull of a ship or boat from the corrosive effects of salt water and biofouling through the use of copper plates affixed to the outside of the hull. It was pioneered and developed by the Royal Navy during the 18th century. In antiquity, ancient Greeks used lead plates to protect the underwater hull. Deterioration of the hull of a wooden ship was a significant problem during the Age of Sail. Ships' hulls were under continuous attack by shipworm , barnacles and various marine weeds , all of which had some adverse effect on the ship, be it structurally, in the case of the worm, or affecting speed and handling in the case of the weeds.
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