Human papillomavirus HPV infection is the strongest risk factor for anal cancer and is accepted as a causal agent of squamous cell carcinoma of the anus and its precursor lesions. Based on solid evidence, HPV infection causes squamous cell carcinoma of the anus. Based on solid evidence, behaviors or medical conditions that either indicate HPV infection or facilitate HPV transmission or persistence increase the risk or are associated with increased risk of anal cancer. Magnitude of Effect : Risk varies by behavior and medical condition. Based on solid evidence, cigarette smoking increases the risk of anal cancer. Magnitude of Effect : Risk is about twofold to threefold for ever-smokers; current smokers are at higher risk.
Anal Cancer Cases and Deaths Are Increasing, Especially Among Older Adults
American Cancer Society | Cancer Facts & Statistics
For more info, and if you live in NJ: Read more. If you or someone you care about has been diagnosed with anal cancer, you may have a lot of difficult questions and face some tough decisions. How do I find a doctor? Where is the best place to go for care? How can I keep my quality of life? We have extensive experience treating anal cancer and understand your unique needs. Our goal is to help you achieve the best medical outcome and quality of life possible.
Anal Cancer Prevention (PDQ®)–Health Professional Version
The anus is where stool leaves your body when you go to the bathroom. It is made up of your outer layers of skin and the end of your large intestine. Anal cancer is a disease in which cancer cells form in the tissues of the anus. Anal cancer is rare. It is more common in smokers and people over
Anal cancer is a cancer which arises from the anus , the distal opening of the gastrointestinal tract. Prevention includes avoiding risk factors and HPV vaccination. Symptoms of anal cancer can include pain or pressure in the anus or rectum, a change in bowel habits, a lump near the anus, rectal bleeding, itching or discharge. Bleeding may be severe. Most anal cancers are squamous cell carcinomas epidermoid carcinomas , that arises near the squamocolumnar junction.